Sprains, Strains & Cramps Bentleigh


Ligament Sprains

A sprain is an injury to a ligament. Ligaments connect bone to other bones. Sprains to ligaments can range from a mild sprain with very little fibres being affected to a complete tear of the ligament.

What causes it?

There are certain factors predispose people to sprains like poor balance, poor flexibility in the lower limb, decreased strength in the lower limb, previous ankle injuries, poor balance. Injury also occurs when there is a force that the ligaments cannot cope with.

How can you treat it?

With ligament damage it is important to get rid of the swelling, protect the healing ligament and then and get full range of motion back. It is also essential to get muscle strength around the ligament back to optimum for additional support to prevent re-occurance of another sprain. Myotherapy can use a range of techniques to help heal the soft tissue as well as provide exercises to strengthen the muscles around the joint.

Muscle Strains

Muscle strain is an acute injury to a muscle. This can be a small strain where very few fibres are injured or a complete tear.

What causes it?

Muscles are strained (torn) when some or all of the fibers fail to cope with the demands placed upon them. This occurs for a number of reasons such as excessive force, over stretching the muscle, or from direct trauma to the muscle.

How can you treat it?

Management is needed to control the swelling and reduce the damage to the fibres. When you have a torn muscle you want to promote proper scar tissue alignment, which can be done through various soft tissue techniques and exercises. Rehabilitating muscle strength and length  is essential to restore normal function.


  • Pain at time of injury (usually during fast acceleration or deceleration activities).
  • Spasm
  • Swelling
  • Bruising (may not be present)
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Decreased strength

Muscle contusion (‘Corky’)

Muscle contusions / ‘Corkies’ occur when there is bleeding and local damage in a muscle and usually occurs from direct trauma to the muscle.

How can you treat it?

Treatment for this initially involves minimizing the bleeding and swelling, which can be done with electric modalities, conservative soft tissue therapies. Stretching and strengthening and sometimes limiting sport participation until the swelling has subsided is also important in the management of contusions. Muscle contusions need to be treated appropriately or can develop into ‘myositis ossificans’ where part of the muscle hardens and calcifies.

Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps are a painful involuntary muscle contraction that occurs quite suddenly.

What causes them?

Muscle cramps can occur for a number of reasons including inadequate electrolytes, magnesium and other factors.  Muscle cramps also need to be thoroughly examined as cramp like pain can be referred from the spine to the extremities which requires different management.

How can you treat them?

Muscle cramps can be treated by a combination of things like: regular stretching, correction of postural muscle imbalance, adequate conditioning to the activity, eccentric strengthening exercises, treating myofascial trigger points. A healthy diet with all essential nutrients involved in muscle function, as well as adequate levels of fluid, electrolytes and carbohydrates is essential for normal muscle function.



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718 Centre Road, East Bentleigh, 3165
email: stephen@connectiveheathcare.com.au

Call: (03) 9576 5882